Suzanne Simard did a TED Talk called “How trees talk to each other” where she debunks some of the commonly accepted myths about trees and networks. She shows that trees transfer CO2 to one another and can actually recognize their own seedling kin. Her talk is here:
Forests are connected through complex root systems. In this diagram, from Simard’s presentation, the darker and larger the nodes correlates with the number of connections to other trees. These highly connected trees are known as mother trees or hub trees–they spread their wealth of CO2 to the saplings and younger trees, and they help care for them as a mother would.
I will be analyzing forest systems in only the carbon system of transfer. The elements in place are, most namely, trees and their respective sets of roots, along with carbon. They are interconnected underground, and the control/feedback would be contingent upon who has excess and who is lacking carbon. The function is to balance and regulate carbon within forest systems and to remain interconnected for support.